The president is head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces;
elected for a four-year term; can be re-elected for one consecutive term;
appoints a cabinet and a chief of cabinet, who can be removed by a majority
vote in each chamber. The current president, Eduardo Duhalde, was appointed
by a congressional assembly in January 2002 after the resignation of Fernando
de la Rua in a convoluted, but constitutional, succession.
23 states and one autonomous federal district; states and the federal district
retain those powers not vested in the national government and elect state
legislators, governors and local officials.
Federal judges appointed by a Council of Magistrates; Supreme Court system
both nationally and in the provinces; national Supreme Court members require
the endorsement of two-thirds of the Senate .
Bicameral Congress: 257-member Chamber of Deputies, directly elected for a
four-year term; one-half of the lower house stands for re-election every two
years; 72-member Senate; directly elected for a six-year term; three senators
are elected per state, two from the leading party and one from the runner
up; one-third of the Senate stands for re-election every two years.