FACTS ON ARGENTINA
The word "gaucho" was used in the regions of the River Plate, Argentina,
Uruguay and Brazil,(although there the word is gaúcho) to name the
horse riders of the planes or "pampas", who kept cattle. The origin
of this word is not very clear. "Guahu-che" is the most popular
one and means "people who sings sadly"; it comes form araucano and
The gaucho is the fruit of the mixture of Spanish and aborigine
blood; he started to create his own personality in the primitive vaquerías
of the colonies. There he learned the tasks connected to cattle rising with
a singular skill and founded his body to his inseparable friend: the horse.
He spends most of the time on horseback, that is why he hates agriculture,
since he must be standing all day long. His indomitable value made him the
bases of the South American Independence. He was a shepherd in times of peace
and a soldier in times of war. The big area of the "pampas"planes
finally moulds his conduct.
He is very free, of simple habits and leads a wandering life. That freedom
which he faces his life with brings back to him a lot of misfortunes. He was
excluded for a long time, but as time passes by he was popularly accepted
and the word gaucho is now synonym of uprightness and nobility of heart.