FACTS ON ARGENTINA
Literature History From 1880 To 1900
From 1880 to 1900 The 1880s generation theoretically and methodically built
up a literature with features of its own, stressing European colors and cultural
primacy of Buenos Aires par excellence. Literature from inland was not significant
yet at this stage. The immigratory flows of varied ethnic group enhanced the
transformation of the Great Village into the cosmopolitan metropolis. Poetry
is lyrical and imprecatory: Leopoldo Díaz and Almafuerte; essay is
a recent genre: José Manuel Estrada, Pedro Goyena and Joaquín
V. González; narrative fluctuates between the social and the depiction
of manners: Miguel Cané, Eugenio Cambaceres, Julián Martel,
Francisco Sicardi and Carlos María Ocantos.
By late 19th century, Rubén Darío's hand and letters brought
MODERNISM. Euphuism and symbolism summarize the new aesthetics, which would
later lend the strongest voice to contemporary Argentine poetry: Leopoldo
Lugones, whom we owe the first science fiction short story in our literature.
Lugones is the paradigm dividing Argentine literature into two domains.
Lugones's voice would continue to echo for a long time, but, at the same time,
there appeared two creative lines: CRIOLLISM (from criollo, word applied to
the native inhabitants which were born from Indians and Spaniards), pontificating
rural realism with Horacio Quiroga and Roberto J. Payró, and SIMPLISM,
a poetry of the popular with Evaristo Carriego and Baldomero Fernández
Moreno. A critical interim allows us to rescue, among others, Ricardo Güiraldes'
and William E. Hudson's traditionalism; Enrique Larreta's euphuism; and Enrique
Banchs' mester de juglaría (verse in the manner of troubadours).