Literature History From 1880 To 1900

From 1880 to 1900 The 1880s generation theoretically and methodically built up a literature with features of its own, stressing European colors and cultural primacy of Buenos Aires par excellence. Literature from inland was not significant yet at this stage. The immigratory flows of varied ethnic group enhanced the transformation of the Great Village into the cosmopolitan metropolis. Poetry is lyrical and imprecatory: Leopoldo Díaz and Almafuerte; essay is a recent genre: José Manuel Estrada, Pedro Goyena and Joaquín V. González; narrative fluctuates between the social and the depiction of manners: Miguel Cané, Eugenio Cambaceres, Julián Martel, Francisco Sicardi and Carlos María Ocantos.

By late 19th century, Rubén Darío's hand and letters brought MODERNISM. Euphuism and symbolism summarize the new aesthetics, which would later lend the strongest voice to contemporary Argentine poetry: Leopoldo Lugones, whom we owe the first science fiction short story in our literature. Lugones is the paradigm dividing Argentine literature into two domains.

Lugones's voice would continue to echo for a long time, but, at the same time, there appeared two creative lines: CRIOLLISM (from criollo, word applied to the native inhabitants which were born from Indians and Spaniards), pontificating rural realism with Horacio Quiroga and Roberto J. Payró, and SIMPLISM, a poetry of the popular with Evaristo Carriego and Baldomero Fernández Moreno. A critical interim allows us to rescue, among others, Ricardo Güiraldes' and William E. Hudson's traditionalism; Enrique Larreta's euphuism; and Enrique Banchs' mester de juglaría (verse in the manner of troubadours).